Maintaining blood pressure according to your age is as important as maintaining your BMI (Body Mass Index) as high blood pressure is the root cause of all cardiovascular problems.
This article discusses the blood pressure chart by age and gender along with information on why blood pressure increases with age, what causes high blood pressure and various ways to control it.
What is Blood Pressure?
The pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the artery is termed as blood pressure. It is measured in millimetre of mercury (mmHg) and has two parts. They are –
- Systolic Pressure: Systolic pressure is the numerator part of the blood pressure or medically speaking it is the pressure that is produced when the heart pushes out blood from arteries to the full body.
- Diastolic Pressure: Diastolic pressure is the denominator part of the blood pressure that arises in arteries between the resting period of the beats. During this time, the heart fills with blood and oxygen.
Example: If the blood pressure is “120 over 80” or 120/80 mmHg, it means you have a systolic pressure of 120 mmHg and a diastolic pressure of 80 mmHg. The ideal blood pressure ranges between 90/60 mmHg to 120/80 mmHg.
Blood Pressure Chart By Age and Gender
Below is the chart for normal blood pressure level according to age and gender –
|Age||Male (BP Level)||Female (BP Level)|
Men’s Blood Pressure Chart by Age
Below is the chart for minimum blood pressure level, normal blood pressure level, and maximum blood pressure level in men according to age-
|Age||Minimum BP Level||Normal BP |
|Maximum BP Level|
Women’s Blood Pressure Chart by Age
Below is the chart for minimum blood pressure level, normal blood pressure level, and maximum blood pressure level in women according to age-
|Age||Minimum BP Level||Normal BP |
|Maximum BP Level|
What Causes High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure can have several causes such as-
- Being Overweight
- High average alcohol consumption
- Chronic Kidney Disease
- Thyroid Disorder
The most common symptoms of high blood pressure are headache, dizziness, pounding in ears, and nosebleeds.
Why does Blood Pressure Increase with Age?
Increase in blood pressure with age is mainly associated with the structural changes in the arteries. As you grow old, your arteries become narrow, stiff, and the level of elastic tissues decreases in your arteries. Narrow arteries lead to an increase in blood pressure.
High blood pressure can damage the walls of the arteries and the heart itself. In most of the cases, high blood pressure is caused due to unhealthy lifestyle, working environment, side effects of certain medications or other conditions such as sleep apnea, kidney disease or thyroid issues.
Elderly Blood Pressure Range
According to the American College of Cardiology (ACA) and American Heart Association (AHA), people above 65 years of age should try to maintain a healthy blood pressure of 130/80 mmHg. As at this age, if the pressure fluctuates or increases, there is a high risk of heart attack or cardiovascular problems.
Below is the elderly blood pressure chart:
|Blood Pressure Category for Adults above 65||Systolic mmHg||Diastolic mmHg|
|Low Blood Pressure||90 or lower||60 or lower|
|Normal Blood Pressure||Lower than 120||Lower than 80|
|Elevated Blood Pressure||120-129||Lower than 80|
|High Blood Pressure Stage-1||130-139||80-89|
|High Blood Pressure Stage-2||140 or higher||90 or higher|
|High Blood Pressure crisis||180 or higher||120 or higher|
Low Blood Pressure: The level below 90/60 mmHg is considered as low pressure. Low blood pressure is common in women as 2 out of 10 suffer from low blood pressure or hypotension. It is caused due to lack of minerals such as calcium and iron. Doctors mainly advised them to increase the level of salt intake, take sufficient amounts of protein and minerals. Low blood pressure may cause dizziness or fainting and have the risk of falling down.
Normal Blood Pressure: People with systolic pressure lower than or equal to 120mmHg and diastolic pressure around 80mmHg are said to have a normal or ideal blood pressure.
Elevated Blood Pressure: In this category, the systolic pressure ranges from 120-129 mmHg and the diastolic pressure is around 80 mmHg. This phase is initial stage of high blood pressure. You need to control your BP if you are in this stage, else it can make you a high blood pressure patient in future. It occurs due to sudden change in lifestyle and can be controlled by physical exercises, lowering salt intake and reducing alcohol.
High Blood Pressure Stage-1: People having blood pressure of 130/80 mmHg or above fall under the High Blood Pressure Stage 1. It can be treated with medication. You should take the BP medicines regularly and monitor your blood pressure twice a week.
High Blood Pressure Stage-2: In this category, the pressure ranges from 140/90 mmHg or above. Regular medication along with blood pressure checking twice daily is advised to people who fall in this category. Also, regular consultation with a doctor is advised to reduce the chances of cardiovascular problems.
High Blood Pressure Crisis: People with blood pressure 180/120 mmHg or above are having high blood pressure crisis. You should consult your doctor immediately. Patients should be kept in observation for a few days, till the pressure level decreases, as there is a high risk of heart attack in this phase.
How to Control High Blood Pressure
- Weight Loss: Patients with excess weight are advised to lose a little weight as every 2 pounds lost can reduce the blood pressure by 1 mmHg.
- Exercise: According to the AHA, regular exercise can reduce the blood pressure by 8 to 10 points. Also, it helps to keep the arteries flexible which gets narrowed with the age.
- Healthy Diet with Low Salt intake: Try to consume diets rich in fresh fruits, green veggies, whole grains, low-fat dairy products (like yogurt), poultry and fish, etc. Also, lower the level of salt intake as much as possible.
- Avoid Drinking Alcohol: Too much alcohol can increase the blood pressure. So reduce your alcohol intake as much as you can.
- Quit Smoking: Tobacco contains chemicals that ruin the inner wall of the artery and increases the risk of heart problems.
- Reduce Stress: By trying relaxation techniques like breathing exercises, meditation and listening to soft music, you can reduce your stress level.
Check your stage of hypertension to know where you stand. Also, try to follow the natural ways listed above to reduce your blood pressure significantly. If you have found this article helpful, let us know in the comments below and also, feel free to share it with your parents or loved ones.